sexta-feira, janeiro 22, 2010


Classificação das palavras em inglês

The parts of speech
The part the work it does
The noun Perhaps the words most frequently used are those by which we identify someone or something. These labels, or name words, are called nouns. A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea.
The pronoun A pronoun is a word used in a place of a noun. One way to refer to something is to use the noun that names it. We usually have to do this to make clear what we mean. However, once we have made clear the identity of the person or thing we are talking we can make other references without having to give the name each time.
The adjective Sometimes we wish to describe or make more definite a noun or pronoun we use. We then modify the word by using an adjective. An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun. To modify a word means to describe the word or to make its meaning more definite. An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by answering one of these questions: What kind? Which one? How many?
The verb A noun or a pronoun, no matter how many modifiers it may have, cannot make a sentence. The noun or pronoun must act in some way, or something must be said about it. The part of speech that performs this function is the verb. A verb is a word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement.
The adverb You know that nouns and pronouns are modified by adjectives. Verbs and adjectives may have modifiers, too, and their modifiers are called adverbs. Adverbs may also modify other adverbs. An adverb is a word used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
The preposition Certain words function in a sentence as relaters. That is, they relate nouns and pronouns to other nouns and pronouns, to verbs, or to modifiers. These words are called prepositions. A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to some other word in the sentence.
The conjunction A conjunction joins words or groups of words. There are three kinds of conjunctions: coordinating conjunctions, correlative conjunctions, and subordinating conjunctions.
The interjection An interjection is an exclamatory word that expresses emotion. It has no grammatical relation to the rest of the sentence. Interjections are not connectives or modifiers. Since they are unrelated to other words in the sentence, they are set off from the rest of the sentence. They are usually followed by an exclamation point. Sometimes, however, when the exclamation is mild, the interjection may be followed by a comma.

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